Parse BER for PKCS#12 more accurately.

CBS_asn1_ber_to_der currently uses heuristics because implicitly-tagged
constructed strings in BER are ambiguous with implicitly-tagged sequences. It's
not possible to convert BER to DER without knowing the schema.

Fortunately, implicitly tagged strings don't appear often so instead split the
job up: CBS_asn1_ber_to_der fixes indefinite-length elements and constructed
strings it can see. Implicitly-tagged strings it leaves uncoverted, but they
will only nest one level down (because BER kindly allows one to nest
constructed strings arbitrarily!).

CBS_get_asn1_implicit_string then performs the final concatenation at parse
time. This isn't much more complex and lets us parse BER more accurately and
also reject a number of mis-encoded values (e.g. constructed INTEGERs are not a
thing) we'd previously let through. The downside is the post-conversion parsing
code must be aware of this limitation of CBS_asn1_ber_to_der. Fortunately,
there's only one implicitly-tagged string in our PKCS#12 code.

(In the category of things that really really don't matter, but I had spare
cycles and the old BER converter is weird.)

Change-Id: Iebdd13b08559fa158b308ef83a5bb07bfdf80ae8
Reviewed-by: Adam Langley <>
5 files changed
tree: f9ec3d4b640bcf775e357c5db84452cd70620af3
  1. .clang-format
  2. .gitignore
  4. CMakeLists.txt
  11. codereview.settings
  12. crypto/
  13. decrepit/
  14. fuzz/
  15. include/
  16. ssl/
  17. tool/
  18. util/


BoringSSL is a fork of OpenSSL that is designed to meet Google's needs.

Although BoringSSL is an open source project, it is not intended for general use, as OpenSSL is. We don't recommend that third parties depend upon it. Doing so is likely to be frustrating because there are no guarantees of API or ABI stability.

Programs ship their own copies of BoringSSL when they use it and we update everything as needed when deciding to make API changes. This allows us to mostly avoid compromises in the name of compatibility. It works for us, but it may not work for you.

BoringSSL arose because Google used OpenSSL for many years in various ways and, over time, built up a large number of patches that were maintained while tracking upstream OpenSSL. As Google's product portfolio became more complex, more copies of OpenSSL sprung up and the effort involved in maintaining all these patches in multiple places was growing steadily.

Currently BoringSSL is the SSL library in Chrome/Chromium, Android (but it's not part of the NDK) and a number of other apps/programs.

There are other files in this directory which might be helpful: